National Referral Laboratory

NRC Grapes is identified as the National Referral Laboratory for Monitoring Pesticide Residues for Export of Fresh Grapes from India under the Trade Notice No.  QMC/GEN/049/2004, dated August 16, 2004 for Regulation of Export of Fresh Grapes to the European Union through Control of Pesticide Residues.



Annexure 5: List of chemicals with CIB & RC label claim for use in grapes



Annexure 9: List of Agrochemicals to be monitored



Annual Report 2009-10


         To establish the surveillance system for controlling residues of pesticides allowed / recommended by National Research Centre for Grapes for cultivation of grapes as well as for traces of other pesticides, which might be found due to previous use on the land.

         To establish a system for controlling residues of pesticides in exportable table grapes at the farm level.

         To monitor pesticide residues in water at grape farms and pack houses.

         To establish a system for corrective action in the event of detection of residue levels higher than those established through this Residue Monitoring Plan.

         To establish a system for corrective action in the event of issuance of an Internal Alert Information.

         To ensure that grapes exported from India to the European Union (Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovakie, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands, U.K.) do not test for pesticide residues in excess of the prescribed levels.



         All farms / plots, which intend to produce grapes for export to the European Union, APEDA recognized pack houses, APEDA recognized laboratories and their pre-requisites will get covered under these procedures.

         It is also intended to introduce possibility of product recall in this document.



Grape is one of the important fresh fruit being exported to European Union countries besides the countries of Middle East and the Far East.  Pesticide residue in the grapes is one of the quality parameters before the importers in the EU countries to accept the produce.  During the export season of 2002-2003, some of the exported consignments had the pesticide residue more than the maximum residue level (MRL). As a result, European Union ordered testing of pesticide residue in all the consignments.  This action led to delay in sale of the produce in the market and also rejection of some consignment. Accordingly, APEDA seized this problem and convened meetings of officials of NRC for Grapes, State Govt. departments, exporters, officials of the phytosanitary department and grape growers in order to deliberate on the existing pesticide monitoring system and its deficiencies.  Deliberations in these meetings suggested the newer approach for monitoring the pesticide and accordingly the roles of all the pesticide monitoring agencies have been spelt out.  APEDA has declared the NRC for Grapes, Pune as the National Referral Laboratory (NRL) for monitoring pesticide residue in fresh grapes or export right from the field to the point of export.

Director, NRC for Grapes (Dr. S.D. Sawant) is the Chief Coordinator of the programme and Dr. K. Banerjee, Principal Scientist (Agricultural Chemistry) is the Coordinator of the National Referral Laboratory


Responsibilities of the NRL

1.    The National Referral Laboratory shall draw at least 5% of the samples directly from the recognized pack houses pertaining to the batches tested by the designated laboratories as a measure of conformity.

2.    Monitor the work of nominated laboratories by conducting surveillance audit to ascertain that they are following the criteria laid down under this monitoring system.

3.    Evaluate 5 % test data of the samples analysed by the nominated laboratories pertaining to the batches tested by the nominated laboratories as a measure of conformity.

4.    To compile residue analysis data of the nominated laboratories for each year and prepare plan of action for the following year.

5.    To advise the exporters about the control measures required to be taken in case residue levels are found to be higher than the permitted levels.

6.    To organize training on testing for each residue or groups of residues for the nominated laboratories.


Infrastructure facilities

HPLC-MS/MS, GC-MS/MS, GC, HPLC, Automatic solid phase extractor, Freeze dryer, Low volume concentrator, Accelerated solvent extractor and UV-VIS Spectrophotometer are some of the high resolution ultra sensitive equipments besides several other equipments, which are being procured for the implementation of the project.